By Antonio Molina & Fernando Longoria
The absence of the Void or public spaces in the Cerdas in Barcelona has been lost. Our proposal aims to refill that void by latching to the corner and recreate the void above the city.
Elevating the void allows for a new typology that will not disturb the current situation each of the city blocks have, given their unique nature. The Cerdas in Barcelona create several multipurpose spaces within the Eixample neighborhood. Typically, the first floor level of the buildings includes restaurants or small shops. The corners that meet and that are cut at a diagonal further amplify the space and creates a new opportunity where people can move in various levels. With Housing being the main focus a secondary space must be created along with the new housing.
With our Proposal for Plan B, City Above the City, a second tier for the city will be created, being purpose enough that it will not damage or hurt the existing infrastructure within the void.
The corner in Barcelona is a very important element one must consider when designing in such city. Idelfonso Cerda, the progressive urban planner who designed the master plan for the Eixample or Prototype/Example cities should adopt, it consists of a series of courtyard city blocks that were designed as an example of proper urban planning. As everything it had its good and bad things, some were successful and some were not. Eventually the people decided to take over the public spaces out of necessity. They have built parking garages, extra housing, and storage.
Our Proposal for the city above the city builds on top of this concept and creates a new typology. It consists of adding additional Housing along with the recreational spaces that have been lost in the city because of its free flowing growth nature.
The site is located in the Neighborhood of Sant Antoni in Barcelona Spain the city above the city will be placed above the Cerdas. This housing project once was really revolutionary and popular with time this project became over populated. This then provided issues one of them was the loss of the inner courtyard that was latter replace by parking structures and even expansions for living corers. The project aims to redefine the void and take back the court yard.
The fabrication of the building is a delicate and intricate designed that uses a light wood structure using Kerto LVL. This designed uses long span beams in order to create the platforms that are then use to define the void and provide an open exterior space. This space can then be used by the residents as an exterior courtyard in the attempt to take back the courtyard that was lost to the urban space and the residents in the existing building.
In conclusion our concept to redefine the board aims to recreate the lost void the Idalfonso Cerda created as an example of ideal urban planning. The redefinition of the void aims to create an additional housing in an over populated neighborhood with elevated walkways and recreational spaces. Hopefully the possible concept we have is to be recreated all over this neighborhood and possible as new typology for cities like Barcelona or even to de deconstructed and be used in future urban planning.