By Tzu-wen Chiang & Manita Ruangwimolwet
Yen sabai Mean Relaxing and comfort under a cool atmosphere in Thai Language. The design aim to create a space where people can feel comfortable and relax while using it. Thailand is a typical tropical climate, where the temperature is hot year round. Umbrella is one of the main device that people will use daily. Office and houses turn on air-conditioning everyday, our design uses the advantage of the cool wind and atmosphere on high rise building with umbrella as sun shading to create a new space on top of buildings in Bangkok. Where this design can be replicated and created more useful space on top of buildings that is already build in the city.
Chamchuri square is a building located in the center of Bangkok City, surrounded by a lot of high rise buildings. This is one of the first areas that has been developed in Bangkok. While it passed through several times of re-construction, Chamchuree Square is built. Now it is used for office, condominium as well as studying spaces for students as it is right next to Chulalongkorn University. With the population flow of students, office workers and residences, Chamchuree Square should have more function and activities available.
After chosen Chachuree Square as a site, we developed functions and design that contained Thai traditional culture, “Rom” which means umbrella, originally from Chiang Mai, North of Thailand. To withstand the tropical climate and rainy season in Bangkok, umbrella is one of the main devices that people often use. We combined this idea with our design, using umbrellas as shelters and decorations.
The main difference between Thai traditional umbrellas we have design is the material and some parts of the structure. For the design, we have used Laminated Venner Lumber as the main material, combine with inspiration of patterns from the traditional umbrella. Inside the shelter, we arranged woods in a pattern of shelves and placed wooden containers also build out of laminated veneer lumber panels for the usage of space. This design can be adapted with other buildings, using the structure panels install on the side of the building as a structure supporting the umbrellas. these pannel are also design to be LVL pannels, that can be use for long span structure. Moreover, the main support of the umbrellas in the panel also function as a sun shading device and a facade representing Thailand.
This structure and be repeated and place onto different buildings, with the ability to show the Thai culture and also the fabric of the umbrella can be change according to the need of the building. With this design, building can add space on top of the original building with the advantage of the cool atmosphere. This space can be developed into relaxing space of the officers, and residents and also visitors like students; or it can be use as additional space for meeting, for site seeing; it may also become a public space, public garden that is used for spreading and developement of Thai culture