​Illustrations by Auer Weber, images of construction by Holzbau Amann

Indoor swimming pool at Sport Centre Cents

Location Luxembourg
Building Year 2019
Architect Auer Weber
Structural Design Knippers Helbig Advanced Engineering, stress analysis: sblumer ZT GmbH
Constructor Holzbau Amann GmbH
Products Used Kerto LVL
End-Use Indoor swimming pool

Long-span roofing with extremely long wooden elements

The roof structure for the new indoor swimming pool at the Sport Centre Cents in Luxembourg, was designed by the German architectural office Auer Weber. The ceiling was built using 23.75 metres long wooden elements, which enabled the long spans of the roof. The use of lightweight Kerto LVL (laminated veneer lumber) made it possible to build the roof structure fast and sustainably.

Fast, light, green Kerto LVL

Values guide Metsä Group's operations 
 

Attractive roof executed with precision

The wooden ceiling was structured by slim ribs and an above average web height. The Knippers Helbig engineers worked out the structural design together with the Auer Weber’s architects. The design was implemented in collaboration with the wood construction company Holzbau Amann from Bannholz, Germany, which was in charge of the implementation. Use of Metsä Wood’s Kerto® LVL Q-panels made the desired roof appearance and the structure possible.

The dimensions of the roof are impressive. The structure was produced using the Kerto LVL web with a height of 1,1 metres and a thickness of only 75 millimetres. With this slim design, the structure spans an unbelievable range of 23.75 metres. There is also an unusual use of bearing surfaces and the web in the bearing area has a very low carrying height. This was possible only because of the specific material properties of Kerto LVL, the unparalleled laminated veneer lumber product.

Load  bearing

Values guide Metsä Group's operations 
 

23,75 metres long wooden roof elements

A range of over 23 metres could be achieved using a variety of structures and wood materials. But the challenge was in the engineering design of the roof structure. “Slim ribs only 75 millimetres thick which had to be made with a height of 1,100 millimetres were attached to form a π element with roof panels made of 69 mm Kerto LVL Q-panel,” explains Hendrik Pfeffinger, the project manager at Holzbau Amann, and continues that, “in addition, we went beyond standards, such as the ratio of thickness to the height of the beams, so special solutions had to be established which would on the one hand meet the requirements of Knippers Helbig, while at the same time conforming to the structural analyses and approvals in Luxembourg.”

Load bearing Q-panels 
 

For the implementation of these slim dimensions with a range of over 23 metres, the Q-panels were virtually predestined for the job thanks to their high load-bearing capacity. The calculations were very close to the performance limitations and a series of concepts and calculation methods were needed to reach the final solution.

Bracing

 
 

Stability with LVL panels

The goal of the structural design was to create a wooden rib ceiling with deep cassettes which would match the large spatial volume. The dimensional stability of the Kerto LVL web was a great advantage here. As a result, the engineers were able to develop the roof surface with precise torsion-resistant webs. To achieve stability from the outset and take advantage of a high degree of prefabrication, Amann joined the Q-panel webs in pairs or even three at a time to the elements.

The extremely long wooden roof elements were prefabricated at Holzbau Amann’s factory and delivered by extra-long trucks to the construction site. Although the elements are 23.75 metres in length, their installation was quick and required only two carpenters on site. The end faces were finished off with end panels, to finalise the appearance of the roof. Quite noteworthy are the bearing notches, which are very large when compared to the size of the elements (structural components). They are on concrete ring beams on one side and on precisely positioned steel beams on the other. This required the highest degree of precision from all those involved in the construction.

Connections

 
 

Suspended floating rib roof

Due to the freely suspended character of the ribs, the webs had to be deeply notched in the bearing area. And here the focus was to achieve a strong link which would rule out any shearing of the Kerto LVL beam. “To this end, we came up with a project-specific solution,” reports Pfeffinger, adding that “with our know-how and different product and material components, we achieved enough capacity in the bearing area.” In addition, the Kerto LVL roof panels with Kerto LVL beams were joined to form π elements.

The chloride-containing air of the indoor swimming pools creates a corrosion challenge for the connections. To prevent damage, the connecting screws are hot-dip galvanised and hidden in the wooden π elements.

     
Top panel made of Kerto LVL Q-panel

​The elements were hung from the structure of the top panel made of Kerto LVL Q-panel.

Load-bearing structure of the roof elements

​Kerto LVL Q-panels used as the load-bearing structure of the roof elements.

Long spans with slim structures

​Light but strong Kerto LVL enabled the long spans with slim structures.

End result

Values guide Metsä Group's operations 
 

Lightweight and accurate Kerto LVL

The suspended floating wood rib roof had pushed things to the limits in a number of ways, be it in the dimensioning, in bearing capacity or even in the joining method. Thanks to the high durability and unbelievable form stability of the Kerto LVL web, the planned dimensions could be implemented in a slim structure. In this project Kerto LVL once again proved its capability as an efficient and millimetre precise construction material.

The team

Knippers Helbig, founded in 2001, is a multi-disciplinary team of engineers specialised in load-bearing structures and façades. The two partners, Thorsten Helbig and Boris Peter, manages offices in Stuttgart, New York and Berlin. The studio develops, designs and implements a variety of construction projects: from preschools, residential and office buildings to museums; from bridges, stadiums and airports to works of art in public areas.

https://www.knippershelbig.com

​Holzbau Amann has been building the most diverse wooden structures for over 80 years - and doing so all over the world. A team of experienced engineers and master craftspeople plan and implement any type of structure possible in wooden construction, with the help of well-educated artisan craftsmen. Countless multi-purpose, sports or industrial facilities have been created, along with office buildings and exhibition halls. Moreover, their portfolio includes school buildings, centres for the disabled, spa buildings, recreational and municipal facilities, as well as sports halls ranging from ice rinks to indoor swimming pools or ski jumping hills, and over 75 residential buildings. Holzbau Amann specialises in the production and assembly of special structures.

https://www.holzbau-amann.de

References related to building and construction

  • FMO Tapiola – wooden office building

  • One Main office

  • Hurlingham Racquet Centre

  • Viikki wooden apartment buildings

  • DB Schenker wooden terminal building

  • Mega Market commercial building

  • Metsätapiola - wooden office building

  • Aylesbury Waterside Theatre

  • Tommi Mäkinen Racing building

  • My Green World exhibition centre

  • Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation

  • Metropol Parasol - one of the world’s largest wooden buildings

  • Kannustalo ready-to-move houses

  • Daycare Omenapuisto

  • Karisma shopping centre

  • Diesel Benelux headquarters

  • Agricultural building, Koski Manor

  • Ämmässuo construction-waste handling plant

  • Kerteminde children’s home

  • Paris police department - wooden extension

  • Immanuel Kirche - wooden structure that impresses

  • Straagaarden using nature's own resources

  • Cinema De Roma – thoroughly renovated

  • Kaifu-bad – oldest spa in Hamburg

  • Schlagwerk – hall for producing musical instruments

  • Berlin-Britz – open air stage

  • Le Pavillion wooden office building

  • De Karel Doorman – 16 floors extension

  • Rakuunantie extention storey

  • Cockfield Windmill – conversion to accommodation using Kerto® LVL

  • Extension to a building in Paris

  • Clamart Sport Centre

  • Östermalm’s temporary market hall

  • Dome of Visions 3.0

  • Esperi Kapteenska assisted living facility

  • School centre dining hall in Schwäbisch Gmünd

  • Pro Nemus visitor centre

  • Kokoon modular housing

  • SPA-Bungalow

  • Center Parcs Waterside Lodges

  • ClipHut construction system

  • Metsä Wood Pärnu Mill

  • Mjösa Tower

  • Hotel restaurant de KASerne

  • Indoor swimming pool at Sport Centre Cents

  • Riding hall in Belgium

  • Dutch Stay Okay hostel

Search  all references