Linnanfältti residential buildings

Location Amiraalistonkatu 10 Finland
Building Year 2020
Architect Schauman Architects
Constructor NCC, wooden structures VVR Wood
Customer Kruunuasunnot
Products Used Kerto LVL
Type Residential Buildings And Gardens
End-Use Wall, roof and floor elements

The 'Kerto LVL residential buildings’ in Turku – constructed fast from wooden elements

​’The Kerto LVL buildings’ – the Linnanfältti residential area of wooden three- and four-storey apartment buildings, is being constructed fast in Turku. A homely wooden neighbourhood is well on its way. The wooden residential buildings are built using elements based on Metsä Wood’s Kerto LVL (laminated veneer lumber) products, enabling fast, light and green construction.

Two of these three-storey and four-storey wooden residential buildings are ready. The third is in the interior construction phase, and the construction of the fourth building has started. Altogether, there will be 128 cozy homes.

City of Turku has enabled construction actors to experiment wood construction and build a new urban area. The goal has been to give new life to an old industrial milieu with different kinds of housing opportunities and services. The old wooden houses are now next to new wooden residential buildings.

"The project has been successful, and visitors call the area pleasant. It is a distinctive area with colourful buildings, quarter courtyards and soon also public art", says Mika Rajala, Architect at the City of Turku. He leads the steering group of the project.

Rajala points out that in Linnanfältti area wood construction means that the structures and facades of the buildings are made from wood.

Linnanfältti is situated close to Turku Castle and the Port of Turku, very close to the city centre. It is one of the largest wooden apartment building construction projects in Finland. Some 1,500 people will have homes there.

Values guide Metsä Group's operations

Element production and off-site construction

Values guide Metsä Group's operations 
 

Speedy construction

VVR Wood has done the structural planning and built the elements at their factory in Heinola. Kerto LVL S-beams, T-studs and Q-panels are used in the wall elements, Kerto LVL S-beams and Q-panels in the floor elements, and Kerto LVL S-beams and Q-panels in the roof elements.

VVR Wood has become Finland’s biggest supplier of wooden element apartment buildings. The CEO Tero Vesanen believes that the world is at a turning point with wood construction. Element producers exist and constructors have gained experience and seen the impacts on productivity.

”As the construction work relocates from site to factory, the quality increases in dry conditions, work gets done more efficiently and waste is minimized. A residential building constructed from Kerto LVL elements can rise in less than half the time compared to a similar kind of concrete building”, says Vesanen and adds that wood elements are 4-5 times lighter than concrete elements.


Values guide Metsä Group's operations 

The construction of the third four-storey apartment building in Linnanfältti went fast.
”It took one week to build each floor. As the wooden elements are light, assembly has been done with a bridge crane, which is integrated to a weather protection cover,” says Jari Granqvist, Foreman responsible for wooden residential construction at NCC.
Granqvist adds that the cover has been a handy solution to keep the building and wooden elements dry. The cover has also made construction faster as both the cover and crane can be lifted. The construction team has always had the right height according to the construction phase.


Load bearing structure

Prefabricated elements to handle the loads 

The wooden frame of the multi-storey residential buildings consists of load-bearing walls. In the wall elements, the Kerto LVL S-beams and Kerto LVL T-studs are connected to the top and bottom chords made of Kerto LVL Q-panels. These elements are also insulated.

The top panels of the intermediate floor elements form a stiff plate, which transfers the loads to the walls. These structurally glued, ETA-approved Kerto-Ripa elements contain Kerto LVL S-beams as webs and flanges, Kerto LVL Q-panels on top and in endbeams, and an insulation layer. Kerto-Ripa is a ready to-use design system developed by Metsä Wood.

The roof elements, containing Kerto LVL S-beams, Q-panels and insulation, and walls stiffen the building. The roof elements transfer the snow and wind loads through the walls to the concrete foundation.


​The wooden frame of the multi-storey residential building consists of load-bearing walls. In the wall elements, the Kerto LVL S-beams and Kerto LVL T-studs are connected to the top and bottom chords made of Kerto LVL Q-panels.

The top panels of the intermediate floor elements form a stiff plate, which transfers the loads to the walls.

Connections

Values guide Metsä Group's operations 
 

Strong connections 

All of the connection solutions of the residential building reinforce the loads needed. Screws are used in timber-to-timber-connections except the connections between intermediate floor and wall elements, which are nailed.

It was easy to make the connections as Kerto LVL has great workability, yet it is a very strong and rigid material.


Fire-safety

Fire resistant material

The wooden multi-storey residential building complies to Finnish fire-safety norms.

The Kerto LVL structures have 60 minutes resistance to fire rating, and construction materials include gypsum, insulation and fire retardant panels in staircases and exits.

In the event of fire Kerto LVL’s surface becomes charred, which protects and insulates the product, thus slowing down the charring.

The building has also been divided individual compartments and is sprinkled.


Cooperation

Smooth cooperation

VVR Wood and Metsä Wood have cooperated a lot as VVR Wood is one of the producers of elements based on Metsä Wood’s Kerto-Ripa design system. NCC was a new partner to VVR Wood.

“Cooperation with all parties went well. The key has been the careful synchronization of Kerto LVL deliveries, Kerto LVL element production at our factory and assembly on-site. With this experience we are ready for new projects,” says Vesanen.


Tero Vesanen is the entrepreneur and CEO of VVR Wood Oy, one of Finland’s biggest suppliers of wooden element apartment buildings. He has acquired two degrees, a Bachelor of Business Administration from the LAB University of Applied Sciences (former Lahti University of Applied Sciences) and a Bachelor of Engineering (Construction Engineering) from the Häme University of Applied Sciences (HAMK). 

Vesanen has worked in the leading companies in the mechanical wood and woodworking and wood products industries and has held several positions of trust over the years.  

In 2014, his company VVR Wood delivered the wooden elements to the biggest wooden multi-storey apartment building in Europe in its time.  The seven-storey building of 10,120 m2 has 186 apartments, and is situated in Vantaa, Finland. In 2012, Vesanen was involved in the construction of a wooden multistorey apartment building to Vierumäki, Finland, and the building was granted a wood construction award, namely Puupalkinto.

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